Interesting piece, Vivek! Just a couple of questions, if you don’t mind answering: you mention that Pakistan post-partition has had ample opportunity to reform, when precisely could these turning points have occured ? Also, what kind of role can international organisations (be it the IMF, World Bank, etc.) expect to play in promoting reform in Pakistan, perhaps to counter China’s influence ?

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I agree in part. It's had enough opportunity to turn into a strong nation-state, and even though it's going through the worst of times it can reform. It need not die. But that calls for a complete mindset change, which worryingly the Pakistanis seem unable to come to terms with. Even their internal debates involve discussions that seem so completely theoretical and cloudy that one wonders if they're actually aware of what's happening around them.

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Thank you, Vivek! Very interesting. Notwithstanding the bloodshed during Partition, would the Pakistanis in particular and the region in general be better off if they had remained part of India? Maybe a large Muslim population could have averted the Modi regime? Or at least a Hindu supremacist Modi government?

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Apr 10, 2023Liked by Vivek Y. Kelkar

Pakistan has been on the verge of collapse since Mountbatten screwed up the partition.

But nobody can afford for Pakistan to collapse.

Not with unsecured nukes, an unleashed military, uncounted militias, a desperate (and young) population, and nervous neighbors.

So what will happen?

More of the same, just getting worse.

The debts will never be collected, Pakistanis will continue to suffer, and the infrastructure will limp along at reduced capacity.

Until China overreaches and India has to react to encirclement.

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