Middle East 101, Week III
The Arab Revolt, the Peel Commission, and the UN Partition Plan
Next week’s reading
In 1933, the Nazis took power in Germany, and their infamous persecution of Jewry brought an exodus of Jews from Germany and other European countries to Palestine. Simmering resentment, among Arabs, became violence. Various Palestinian political parties and groupings united to form an Arab Executive Committee, and Palestinian antagonism to the Mandate from then on gathered strength; Palestinian demands for independence were inspired by simultaneous nationalist agitations in Egypt and Syria, which ultimately forced Great Britain and France to open treaty negotiations with both.